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Biblical Research

Key Resources for Biblical Study and Research

Elements of a Citation

citation is a way to give credit to an individual or group of individuals for their creative and intellectual works. Any work you use to support your research may require a citation, so that the reader can locate the original work.

To cite a journal article, you should note the following information found within the work:

  • Author
  • Title of article
  • Name of publication (also called the "source." For example: Time, Christian Education Journal, The New York Times.)
  • Volume and issue number
  • Page numbers on which the article occurs
  • Year of publication

To cite a book, you should note the following information found within the work:

  • Author and/or editor
  • Title of Book
  • Title of chapter or essay, if the work is an edited compilation of works by different authors
  • Name and location of publishing company
  • Date of publication

Citation Style Manuals

citation style indicates the information necessary to compile a citation and how the information is ordered, as well as punctuation and other formatting. There are many different citation styles (Chicago/Turabian, APA, MLA, etc.). Talbot faculty often assign Turabian as the preferred style, but consult with your professor to determine which style to use for your assignment.

Citation Tools

Try using one of the citation tools included in many of our databases. These tools are not perfect, however. Always double check your citation guide for the appropriate style guidelines.

Screenshot of citation option in Proquest

Citation Help